History of tea!
“Tea Leaves” when we talk about this is beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water. After water, it is the most widely consumed drink in the world. There are many different types of tea; Darjeeling and Chinese greens. It have a cooling, slightly bitter and astringent flavor while others have vastly different profiles include sweet, nutty and floral.
Tea originated in southwestern China where it was used as a medicinal drink. It was popularized as a recreational drink the Tang dynasty and tea drinking spread to other East Asian countries. Portuguese priests and merchants introduced it to the West during the 16th century. During the 17th century that drinking tea became fashionable among Britons, who started large-scale production and commercialization of the plant in India to bypass a Chinese monopoly at that time.
Tea plants are native to East Asia and probably originated around the meeting points of the lands of north Burma and southwest China. Tea drinking may have begun in the Yunnan region during the Shang Dynasty in China when it was used for medicinal purposes.
The first record of tea in English came from a letter written by Richard Wickham, who ran an East India Company office in Japan writing to a merchant in Macao requesting “the best sort of chaw” in 1615. The tea was sold in a coffee house in London in 1657, Samuel Pepys tasted tea in 1660 and Catherine of Braganza took the tea-drinking habit to the British court when she married King Charles II of England in 1662. However, it was not widely consumed in Britain until the 18th century and remained expensive until the latter part of that period. British drinkers preferred to add sugar and milk to black tea overtook green tea in popularity in the 1720s. Tea smuggling during the 18th century led to Britain’s masses being able to afford. In Britain and Ireland, tea was initially consumed as a luxury item on special occasions such as religious festivals. The price of tea in Europe fell steadily during the 19th century and by the late 19th century tea had become an everyday beverage for all levels of society. The popularity of tea in Britain also led a number of historical events. The tax on tea caused the Boston Tea Party escalated into the American Revolution and the British trade deficit caused by the demand for Chinese tea eventually resulted in the Opium Wars.
Tea was originally consumed only by anglicized Indians; however, it became widely popular in India in the 1950s because of a successful advertising campaign by the India Tea Board.